A new study has found that flocking on curved surfaces gives rise to unique patterns that nature could be taking advantage of – in our bodies, in the world. Working scientists usually take for granted a set of basic assumptions that are needed to justify the scientific method: (1) that there is an objective reality shared by all rational observers; (2) that this objective reality is governed by natural laws; (3) that these laws can be discovered by means of systematic observation and experimentation.
Science as a worldview: Like mentioned earlier, science is a way of understanding nature (both, nature within us and outside of us) by examining its physical aspects, of drawing patterns in the physical aspects of nature and understanding the laws that govern those patterns.
Scientific fields are commonly divided into two major groups: natural sciences , which study natural phenomena (including biological life ), and social sciences , which study human behavior and societies These are both empirical sciences, which means their knowledge must be based on observable phenomena and capable of being tested for its validity by other researchers working under the same conditions.
In the late 20th century, active recruitment of women and elimination of institutional discrimination on the basis of sex greatly increased the number of women scientists, but large gender disparities remain in some fields; over half of new biologists are female, while 80% of PhDs in physics are given to men.
Mathematical theorems and formulas are obtained by logical derivations which presume axiomatic systems, rather than the combination of empirical observation and logical reasoning that has come to be known as the scientific method In general, mathematics is classified as formal science , while natural and social sciences are classified as empirical sciences.